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Air Ionization : an introduction

 

An adult person eats 3kg food and breathes 15kg "air" per day

The "Air Quality" is consequently essential for our health!

 

 A weakly ionised air leads to disease !

 

 A highly ionised air strengthens our defence systems and our vitality and can efficiently "clean the air" by abating the particles, micro-organisms, viruses & allergens !

 

Air ions are consequently essential for our life, even in low quantities, like vitamins and oligoelements !

 

Our sun showers our planet with Positive Air Ions (PAIs) of hydrogen and our earth responds to the bombardment of PAIs by producing Negative Air Ions (NAIs) of oxygen through the breaking down of naturally occurring radium in the earth crust which is converted into radon gas. This natural radiation causes oxygen negative ions to form. The natural balance between PAIs and NAIs is around 5 PAIs for 4 NAIs.

 

Lightning, rolling surf, cosmic rays, waterfalls, UV light and even friction of pine needles create also air ions.

 

Already in 1930, Dessauer discovered that NAIs positively influence our health. In 1940, Tchijevski, a Russian researcher, proved that completely deionised air quickly leads to death. Since then, thousands of studies have been published by universities and medical research centres throughout the world on the benefits of air ionisation on human health.

 

They all came to the conclusion that air ions are essential for “cleaning the air” and for “improving our health”. Air ions can indeed electrically charge the particular aerocontaminants that consequently aggregate and sediment on grounded surfaces. They can also oxidize volatile molecules, deodorising the atmosphere. NAIs have been proven to help our body to re-balance, to activate and strengthen some essential functions, like the body oxygenation and the immune system, to regulate some essential mechanisms, like the production of neuro-hormones and the blood circulation and to improve our psychological health. NAIs  are consequently as important as vitamins and oligo-elements, even in low concentrations, and therefore, they are considered as “the vitamins  of the air”!

 

The higher their concentration in the air, the cleaner is the air and the higher is the oxygen concentration in our body. Nowadays, only nearby water falls and the see, in mountains and in forest, high ion concentrations can be found (see table). Nearby the “Iguaçú” waterfalls in Argentina, the highest air ion concentration in the world has been found, around 8 millions NAIs/cm3. Studies have proven that people living in those ion rich areas are rarely sick and are in good health condition. On the other side, people living in polluted areas, deprived in NAIs, are more exposed to physical and psychological diseases.

 

Location

 

Negative ions / cm3 air  

waterfalls 

10 000 up to 100 000 

mountains 

8 000 

see 

4 000 

forest 

3 000 

countryside 

1 200 

Town, low pollution peak 

300 

Town, high pollution peak

50

flat 

25 

car 

15 

 

The ion concentration has the following influence on human health:

< 50 ions/cm3 biological & physiological troubles

> 1.000 ions/cm3 min. concentration for good human health

> 5.000 ions/cm3 improvement of body resistance; micro-organisms abatement and infection prevention

 

Human beings have evolved in an ion rich environment, essential for their health. But since the industrial revolution, air pollution and the use of concrete to build cities have drastically reduce the air ion concentration in cities and industrial areas. Particulate materials, mainly positively charged, quickly neutralize the healthy NAIs and in cities, where the ground is mainly covered with concrete, the NAIs cannot come out the ground.

 

Studies have concluded that we spend 80-90% of our time indoor. In our indoor environment, synthetic materials, electrical equipments, like computers and TV, cigarette smoke and air conditioning systems also quickly neutralise the NAIs. 50% of the persons regularly working with computers are suffering of headache, memory trouble and concentration problem. The depletion of NAIs in the air not only weakens our body defence but also drastically reduce the air quality.

 

 

Only the “small” NAIs, emitted at a distance of maximum 2m from the source, are ingestible by our respiratory system and are consequently biologically active. Further than 2m, the small air ions starts building “medium” and after “large” ions by binding other molecules and even particulate materials. These ions are essential for “cleaning the air”, by charging all the matters suspended in the air (particles, micro-organisms, viruses & allergens), making them aggregate and sediment. Air ions even have a killing effects on micro-organisms.

 

Air ions can be artificially produced by the so-called “Air ionisers”. We call the air ionisers emitting exclusivey NAIs: "Negative Air Ions Generators" (NAIG)

 

The benefits of NAIs on aerocontaminant abatement and the appropriate NAIGs are reported in the section Air Quality.

 

The benefits of NAIs on our health and the “NAIGs” certified to emit “biologically active NAIs” are presented in this section.

 

 

WARNING:

 

please bear in mind that only air ionisers registered as “therapeutical device”, guaranteeing the production of "small biologically acitve NAIs" and used at a distance less than 2m can offer therapeutical benefits

 

1. Some air ionisers on the market also produce ozone: these are not recommended for health reason

2. Some air ionisers on the market only emit a very low amount of air ions; always ask the supplier to make a test in front of you with an “Air Ion Counter”. Never believe the ion concentrations mentioned in data sheets

3. Some air ionisers, like the so-called "rock salt lamps, even do not emit air ions at all. It is often the case with some badly designed “electrofilter + ioniser” systems

4. Some suppliers of “air cleaners” mention in their documents all the therapeutical benefits mentioned in the medical literature; consequently, serious suppliers have stopped publishing studies;

  

 

 

Books on air ionisation:

Charry

J.M.

Air ions: physical and biological aspects

1987

CRC Pres, Inc., Boca Raton, FL

Metadier

J.

L'ionisation de l'air et son utilisation

1978

Ed. Maloine

Metadier

J.

Les oxions

1983

Ed. Godefroy

Robert

Hervé

Ionisation, Santé, Vitalité

1991

Ed. Artulen

Soyka

F.

How air electricity rules your health

1985

Bantam Ed.

Stark

W.

Vitaionen-ein potentieller Gesundheitsfaktor

1971

Lugano, Switzerland: Tipografia.

 

Books on Oxygen Therapies

Markus

Dr M.

Heilen mit Sauerstoff

1999

Ratgeber Ehrenwirth

Mohr

P.

Sauerstofftherapien

2004

Jopp Hoesch

Yutsis

Dr P.

Oxygen to the rescue

2003

Basic Health

 

Recent reviews

Charry

J.M.

Biological effects of small air ions: a review of finding and methods

1984

Env. Reserach, 34, 351-389

Goldstein & al

N.I.

Reactive Oxygen Species as essential components of ambient air

2002

Biochemistry (Moscow), 67, 2, 161-170

Halliwel

B

Oxygen radicals: a common sense look at their nature and medical importance

1984

Medical Biology, 62, 71-77

Hawkins

L.H.

Air ions and human performance

1978

Ergonomics, vol 21, 4, 273-278

Hawkins

L.H.

Biological significance of air ions

1985

Proc. IEE Colloquium on ions in the atmosphere, natural and man made. London, UK

Holford's

P.

Vitamin of the air

 

Heath Technology report

Kornblueh

Igho

Artificial ionization of the air and its biological significance

1973

Clin. Med. 69, 282-286

Krueger

A.P.

Are air ions biologically significant?

1972

Int. J. of Biometeorology, 16, 313-322

Krueger

A.P.

Biological impact of small air ions

1976

Science, 193 (4259), 1209-13

Krueger

A.P.

The biological effects of air ions

1985

Int. J. Biometoerology, 29, 205-206

Laza

Valeria

The stimulation of man and animal reactivity upon negative air ionization

1996

Thesis, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Pethig

R.K.

Survey of the methodology for evaluating negative air ions relevance to biological studies

1984

Methods in Enzymology, 105, 238-248

English

J

The positive health benefits of negative ions

2003

http://www.nutritionreview.org/

library/negative.ions.html

Hawkins

L.H.

Air ion effects on human performance

2001

http://www.static-sol.com/library/

articles/air%20ion%20effects.htm

Laza

Valeria

The environment and gaseous ions

2000

CEJOEM 2000, vol 6, N°1, 3-10 or http://www.fjokk.hu/cejoem/files/

Volume6/Vol6No1/CE00_1-01.html

  
 

© 2008 Air Quality Concept